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How to file a lawsuit?

HomeCivil SuitsHow to file a lawsuit?

Intentionally or unintentionally, people involved in disputes, whether financial issues, family issues, or accidents and injuries, often come to a judgment and decide to sue.

Keep in Mind

But there are many things that one needs to keep in mind before filing a lawsuit.

You need to find out first, do you have the right to sue the person or company you have a dispute with?

The US government states that you need to have a “standing” first if you want to sue anybody.

Standing means that you are affected, cheated, or harmed by the person you want to sue so that the court will have a way to compensate you for your loss generally by imposing a penalty on the liable party.

You can file a lawsuit on behalf of others.

The Process to file a lawsuit:

To file a lawsuit, the plaintiff first files a complaint with the court describing how the other party had damaged or injured and served the copy to the defendant.

Plaintiff may plead for money to compensate his damages or ask the court to order defendant to stop the conduct which is causing harm.

According to the plaintiff’s situation, the court may also ask for another type of relief, such as the declaration of legal rights.

Case preparation:

Case preparation starts with the “discovery “process.

In the discovery process, litigants are asked to provide information to each other about the case, such as documents related to the case and the witness’s identity.

The primary purpose of the discovery process is to prepare both the parties for the trial and make their evidence and witnesses ready.

Setting difference:

The court encourages to avoid the delay in time and expense and first asks to settle down the dispute between both the litigants.

The court advises them to resolve the issue through mediation, arbitration, or other options for resolving a dispute.

Trial Process:

However, if litigants do not agree to resolve their issue personally, trial proceedings start.

And it depends on the judge which information to present in the courtroom, which helps get a fair result.


Once all the evidence hears, both parties give their closing statements.

In the jury trial, the judge will explain all the laws relevant to the case, and then the jury will make the final decision.

Important: The articles available on are neither legal advice nor a replacement for an attorney. The contents are general information and guidance concerning different legal issues. We make sure that these articles prove helpful to you, but we do not promise or guarantee that they are suitable for your condition. We also do not take responsibility for any loss that might cause to you using these articles. Hence, we strictly suggest you get expert legal advice. Consult or hire an attorney in case of any doubt.