Landlord tenant law is the most important part of the common law which explains in details the duties and rights of the tenant and the landlord.
The details about the rights and duties include both contract law and real property law.
The landlord – tenant laws are meant to reduce the disputes among both landlord and tenant.
The government has launched the laws in order to define the actual role and responsibility of both the landlord and tenant.
In most of the cases the responsibilities of the lessor and lessee are different from each other but they are mostly done on a mutual understanding. Both the parties sit and talk out the conditions.
Since last some time the verbal form of lease has already been abolished from the mainstream of the US law.
Instead they have to be written and the same has to be notarized in order to make it legal.
Let us discuss some of the different acts which are created by the government in order to define the authority of the tenant and the landlord.
- In case of deciding the rent amount the landlord is the sole owner of the same. But the tenant should remember that the landlord cannot charge anything higher than the market rate.
- The rent has to be charged according to the facilities provided by the landlord.
- These are some of the important points to be kept in mind while finalizing the rent amount.
- The security deposit is provided by the tenant according to the instructions of the landlord.
- There is no fixed rate for the security deposit; but in most of the cases the tenant has to pay a security deposit of 2 months.
- This amount is a refundable deposit amount and the landlord cannot use it for any purpose except in order to recover the unpaid rent amount if any.
Eviction of the tenant
- The tenant can be evicted by the landlord for various reasons – some of them are – non-payment of rent for a long period of time – unless and until there is a mutual understanding between the landlord and the tenant that the rent shall be paid in small installments.
- The landlord has the right to evict the tenant if they have damaged the property intentionally.
- They can be removed if they have any contacts with any kind of terrorist activities and also do any kind of unlawful acts.